Le 7 juin 2016, 09:41 dans Humeurs • 0
"Made in China" is changing, "workshop of the world" marks begin to fade. On July 18, the world's leading sporting goods manufacturer adidas ' China headquarters, to integrate global resources policy considerations, the company will close later in the year is located in Suzhou Industrial Park, a wholly-owned subsidiary to streamline manufacturing operations.
In fact, the manufacturing costs have risen in China, multinational giant's production is not new. 2011 rules of Unit 5, 588 manufacturing firms around the country, Dongguan Manufacturers such as a sample, labor costs are rising faster than the rise in raw material costs. According to the survey data, raw material and labor costs in 2008-2010 showed a rising trend, raw material costs accounted for more than 64% of 63.1% per cent in 2010 from 2009, while percentage of labor costs rose slightly faster than the proportion of raw material costs, rising from 11.1% to 12.3%.
Rising labor costs in many developing countries in developed countries must go through on the road, it is an inevitable trend. With the development of China's economy, increasingly rich people's material life, people's demands have become more diverse in addition to food and clothing, manufacturing workers are demanding a pay rise has become a normal thing.
When the demographic dividend is no longer obvious advantages, manufacturing transformation is inevitable. "Multinationals into China, introducing advanced management and technology, promoting the development and prosperity of the industry. Now developed to a mature stage of Chinese manufacturing industry and manufacturing reform must upgrade. "The investment adviser Xue Shengwen, a senior researcher at the China reporter for Sankei Shimbun said in an interview.
Advocate calls for transformation of the Chinese manufacturing has a long history, the transition has begun, transition costs begin to emerge. According to the latest data released by the Commerce Department on July 17, in January-June, the newly established foreign-invested enterprises in non-financial sectors 11,705, actually utilized foreign investment of $ 59.1 billion, respectively 13.1% and 3%. Foreign direct investment (FDI) reduction, is China's adjustment of economic structure, represented by manufacturing industries facing the direct reflection of the transformation.
"From an industry perspective, rising labor costs and rental costs lead to increasing foreign investment costs; from a macroeconomic viewpoint, China's macro-economic growth is slowing, retail sales of consumer goods totaled 9.8222 trillion yuan in the first half, up slower 2.4%, slow growth in consumer demand. "Xue Shengwen said," these are the main factors of foreign direct investment. ”
When has been upholding the "money-for-market" effect fading, China's manufacturing industry needs to think: FDI can bring?
"Our country itself higher dependence on technology, but due to various external factors is difficult to acquire advanced technology from abroad, increased utilization of FDI in the future possibilities for technology shares was not particularly large. "The June policy partner Hu Yu told China reporter for Sankei Shimbun said," except for some industries need to especially cutting-edge technologies, we are not master of most other technology, has produced many products and foreign products to achieve the same level. Just the same technology, we do not have their own workers, there is no attention to good management, potential output is not the same. ”
On how to better take advantage of FDI to enhance its own competitiveness problems, hardware technology, Fax Machine wholesaler funding conditions, maybe we should pay more attention to "soft power".
"Developed after a long-term industrial development, has formed a group of skilled industrial workers and managers, the two groups so that foreign companies in production, possess a considerable degree of professionalism in the management of. "Hu Yu points out," in China, the status of both categories of human resources in a more extensive. This also leads to the same technology, we may not be able to achieve the same quality of product. Move through the policy leverage of interest, attracting not only funds, but also to attract technical and management support of foreign investors to come in, it is we would like to see the situation. ”
Chinese manufacturing industry wants to go farther in the future, needs to be more solid basic skills. Countries, businesses spend more money, resources, technical development and promotion at the same time, should pay more attention to industrial groups formed, attention to entrepreneurs in terms of management quality.
"We depend on investment and technology transfer have to have a certain level of production, but when we are closer to the starting line with the developed countries, more to spell is an accumulation, a kind of ' soft power '. "Hu Yu concluded.